Prevention of theft and creation of secure spaces

One of the areas for “Action” in the latest IUMI Political Forum list of “Action issues was that of the prevention of theft and the creation of safe and secure parking places.

IUMI noted that the EU stated in a 2009 study that each year direct and consequential claims reaching €8bn were caused by theft from means of transport, with intrusion being the preferred modus operandi. Trucks parked in unsecured parking locations were the main target, and the lack of secured parking areas was a significant problem. “At the same time, the perpetrators are acting more and more in an organized fashion”, IUMI said, adding that, both for cargo and forwarders’ liability insurance, only effective loss prevention measures made some types of transport insurable.

For example, the German Insurance Association (GDV) had developed a manual for the construction and operation of high-security truck parks, and the American insurance industry had developed data and recommendations on static and in transit cargo loss prevention as well as data on truck stop thefts pinpointing the locations of facilities victimized. The Transported Asset Protection Association (TAPA) had developed security standards and made these available with regular updates. Recommendations on loss prevention were also drafted to protect truck consignments from embezzlement.

In January  this year the European Commission DG MOVE contracted Cross-border Research Association (CBRA) and TAPA EMEA to develop new security guidelines for the European freight transport sector. IUMI said that the new security toolkit would “provide clear operational guidance that will help truck drivers, haulage companies and other key stakeholders to address cargo theft, robberies, irregular migration, and terrorism on European roads”. This project (ROADSEC) is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2017.

IUMI has published a position paper with a statement of the more general concerns and needs of insurers. In addition to the current measures and continued theft prevention activities by the industry, IUMI has urged that:

  • Relevant authorities should develop an overview of the cargo theft situation, including the theft of trailers and containers, in their respective country or region. Based on this, and in discussion with insurers and other industry stakeholders, decisions should be made on how to deal with hotspots and future measures against cargo theft.
  • IUMI noted that the exchange of best practices across borders on local initiatives had proven to be successful.
  • Improve law enforcement through transnational coordination and cooperation between countries and national law enforcements.
  • Create special police units and specialised departments of public prosecution dealing with cargo crime.
  • As criminals use the internet, there should be specific attention given to cyber fraud, such as with bills of lading and permits.
  • Increase police presence in commercial truck parking areas and cargo storage facilities, especially during night-time, weekends and holidays.
  • Create a network of high-security, accessible and affordable truck parks.

IUMI said that introducing these measures would contribute to facilitate the safe and secure flow of goods within the global supply chain and increase the safety of people working in the transport sector.

IUMI said that moving forward it would:

  • Encourage and support measures that contribute to facilitate the safe and secure flow of goods within the global supply chain and increase the safety of people working in the

transport sector.

  • Urge the following actions in addition to current measures and continued theft prevention activities by the industry:

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