Correspondents Pandi Colombia have provided Steamship Mutual with precautionary anti-narcotics guidelines, which the Club said would be useful for members who traded in Colombia.
The correspondents noted that the Colombian authorities were very alert to drug related issues and frequently search vessels, both on board and underwater. At some ports and terminals an underwater inspection of the hull is mandatory, particularly at facilities specializing in oil or coal.
Some of the ports on the Caribbean Coast where an UWI is mandatory before departure are:
- Puerto Drummond in Santa Marta
- Puerto Nuevo in Santa Marta
- Puerto Bolivar in La Guajira
- Puerto Brisa near Riohacha
- All Ecopetrol terminals (including Cartagena’s and Santa Marta’s)
As far as Buenaventura is concerned, UWIs are not mandatory in any of its terminals. In addition the Colombian navy does not offer UWIs on demand in this region and only conducts them randomly or in response to intelligence reports. The inspections must therefore be conducted by private companies. Pandi Colombia reported that there had been a surge in illegal drugs seizures in this port since February 2018. Foreign objects containing illegal substances were found attached to the hull or inside containers. Two of these occurred even though a UWI had already been conducted.
For this reason Pandi Colombia recommended requesting an anti-narcotics underwater inspection before departure, even if it is not mandatory.
If the vessel has not sailed within an hour of the UWI, a new one should be conducted.
Steamship said that it was important for Members to be aware of the need for enhanced diligence in the time between an UWI being competed and the vessel sailing.
In Buenaventura, divers should also be instructed to request access and pay particular attention to the bilge keels, sea chests, tunnel thruster gratings, sacrificial anodes and the inside of the rudder compartment. The club said that “it may also be helpful to avoid the use of cell phones, GPS devices or smartwatches on board by stevedores”.
Strategies used by narcogroups include the following:
- Attaching “torpedoes” to the ship’s hull filled with illegal substances.
- Opening the sea chests and inserting bags within filled with illegal substances.
- Collaboration of local stevedores or crewmembers.
- In case of container vessels, placing illegal substances in a sealed container before loading is a common strategy.
Pandi Colombia have provided some precautionary anti-narcotics guidelines: